Perception and help seeking behaviour of in-school adolescents on sexual abuse in Ife central local government, Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria
The study assessed the perception of In-school adolescents about sexual abuse, identified the socio-demographic determinants of sexual abuse among In-school adolescents and factors that influenced help-seeking behaviour of adolescents who have experienced sexual abuse. These were with the view to designing intervention programmes for identifying and managing victims of sexual abuse in Ife Central Local Government, Osun State, Nigeria. The study was a descriptive cross sectional survey. Four hundred and twenty In-school adolescents were selected by multistage sampling technique from three public and three private secondary schools in Ife Central Local Government, Ile-Ife. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to elicit information on socio-demographic characteristics, perception on sexual abuse, occurrence of sexual abuse and help-seeking behaviour. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 software. Data analysis was carried out in three stages; univariate analysis was used to determine the proportions and summary statistics. Bivariate analysis was used to establish the relationship between in-school adolescents’ socio- demographic characteristics and experience of sexual abuse. Multivariate analysis was used to identify factors influencing help-seeking behaviour of those who have experienced sexual abuse. The level of significance was determined at p value less than 0.05. The study showed 93.1% of the in-school adolescents agreed that a person can be sexually abused by neighbours, 73.3% agreed that women cannot be perpetrators of sexual abuse and 78.5% disagreed that a person can be sexually abused by his or her teachers and caregivers. Seventy-three percent identified friends as the source of information on sexual abuse and 3.8% reported parents and relatives as source of information. This study further reported that 50% of the In-school adolescents’ had experienced sexual abuse and 15.7% has sought help after the incident. The socio-demographic factors identified to be associated with sexual abuse in this study were fathers’ level of education (x2 = 14.5, p = 0.001), mothers’ level of education (x2 = 21.8, p= 0.001), age (x2 = 63.5, p = 0.001) and class (x2 = 54.1, 0.001). The odds of respondents who had ever experienced sexual abuse in the school premises was eleven times more than the odds of respondents who had not experienced sexual abuse in the school premises (OR=11.0, 95% CI 2.307-52.729, p=0.003). The odds of respondents who had ever experienced sexual abuse by neighbours was twenty-two times more than the odds of respondents who had never experienced sexual abuse by neighbours (OR=22.18, 95% CI 0.082-10.239, p=0.001). The study concluded that the prevalence of sexual abuse amongst in-school adolescents is 50% and 15.7% has sought help after the incident. The determinants of sexual abuse among in-school adolescents were parent’s level of education, age and class. The factors that influenced help-seeking behaviour of in-school adolescents were place of abuse and type of perpetrators.