Impact of rural road transportation on socio-economic development of residents in Ife North local government area, Osun state, Nigeria.
This study examined types and conditions of the existing roads in Ife-North Local Government Area; identified and examined the different socio-economic activities of the residents; evaluated the effects of road conditions on the socio-economic developments of residents in the study area; and examined the mode of transportation and frequency of travel in the study area. This was with a view to determining the relationship between road condition and socio-economic development in the study area. The data for the study were both from primary and secondary sources. Primary data were collected through questionnaire administered on the residents of some selected rural settlements in Ife North Local Government Area of Osun State. Four hundred and seventeen (417) rural settlements identified through preliminary surveys, which were stratified into six categories of villages based on the population size. Ten percent (10%) of the categorized villages (42) were sampled, which consisted of 3150 houses. Ten percent (10%) of these were selected for survey using systematic random sampling technique which amounted to 315 buildings. Data obtained were analysed using cross tabulation and percentages. The study revealed that 96% of the household heads were male and 91% of the respondents were farmers; 65% were educated up to secondary school level. The study further revealed that most of the roads were untarred and ungraded (92.3%). The most frequent mode of transportation - motorcycle - accounted for 88.9%. The study established that most of the roads were in bad condition during the dry season (80%) and became worse during the rainy season as revealed by 84% of the respondents. The study established that the residents’ socio-economic activities and well-being were influenced by the deplorable state of most roads in the study area. The study concluded that the bad state of roads in the study area had negatively affected the socio-economic development of the residents, limiting accessibility to healthcare, educational and social facilities and services.