Webquest instructional package and secondary school students learning outcomes in basic science and technology in Akinyele Local Government Area, Oyo State
This study developed a WebQuest Instructional Package for teaching Basic Science and Technology in secondary schools in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State. It also determined the effect of Webquest Instructional Package (WIP) on students’ performance in Basic Science and Technology in the study area. Furthermore, the study investigated the effect of the package on students’ retention and examined its effect on students’ attitude to Basic Science and Technology in the selected schools in the area. These were with a view to enhancing students’ performance and attitude to Basic Science and Technology in secondary schools. The study adopted the pretest posttest control group design. The population for the study consisted of all Junior Secondary School (JSS) students in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State. The sample comprised 60 JSSII students in Akinyele Local Government Area (LGA). Two intact J.S.S II classes were purposively selected from two junior secondary schools in the LGA based on availability of computers, computer laboratory and Basic Science and Technology workshop. Two instruments used for data collection were Basic Science and Technology Achievements Test (BSTAT) and Students’ Attitude Towards Basic Science and Technology (SATBSAT). The study lasted eight weeks. Data obtained was analysed using mean, standard deviation and t-test. WIP was developed using Adobe Dreamweaver having a homepage. From the homepage, the students were to navigate in the WIP. It had text, graphics, pictorial features for learning Basic Science and Technology. The contents contained topic on woodwork joints with subtopics such as butt joints, halved joints, mortise and tenon joints, bridle joints, dovetail joints, tongues and groove joints. The results showed that students’ performance in Basic Science and Technology increased significantly when they were taught using WIP (t =5.03, p< 0.05). The results also showed that there was a significant improvement in the retention ability of students exposed to WIP (t = 8.69, p < 0.05). Finally, the results also showed that there was a significant improvement in students’ attitude to Basic Science and Technology when exposed to WIP (t=5.12, p<0.05). The study concluded that Webquest Instructional Package was effective in enhancing students’ performance and attitude to Basic Science and Technology in secondary schools.