Experimental and theoretical studies on some selected ionic liquids with different cations/anions as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in acidic medium
Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 64: 252–268
Inhibition of mild steel corrosion in 1 M HCl solution by some alkylimidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) namely 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulfate [EMIM]+[EtSO4]−, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate [EMIM]+[Ac]−, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium thiocyanate [BMIM]+[SCN]−, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate [BMIM]+[Ac]− and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide [BMIM]+[DCA]− was investigated using electrochemical, spectroscopic, surface morphology, quantum chemical calculations, quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) and Monte Carlo simulation methods. The studied ILs showed appreciable inhibition efficiencies within the range of concentrations considered. Polarization measurements showed that the studied ILs are mixed-type inhibitors, that is, they inhibit both the anodic mild steel dissolution and cathodic hydrogen evolution reactions. The adsorption of the ILs on mild steel affords competitive physisorption and chemisorption processes and obeyed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Spectroscopic studies confirmed chemical interactions between the ILs and mild steel, while the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images revealed the formation of protective film of the inhibitors on mild steel surface. Theoretical quantum chemical calculations, QSAR analyses and Monte Carlo simulations studies were used to correlate experimental results. The best fit QSAR equations are functions of molecular weight, fraction of electrons transferred from the inhibitor to the metal and dipole moment of the ILs.