The prevalence and intensity of gastrointestinal parasites of dogs in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Sowemimo, Oluyomi A. (10/2/2008)

Cambridge University Press,page:27-31

Journal

A study of gastrointestinal parasites in 269 faecal samples from dogs (Canis familiaris) collected from Ile-Ife, Nigeria between January and December 2004, revealed seven helminth species: Toxocara canis 33.8%, Ancylostoma sp. 34.6%, Toxascaris leonina 3.3%, Trichuris vulpis 3.7%, Dipylidium caninum 4.1%, Uncinaria stenocephala 0.7% and Taenia sp. 1.1%. The faecal egg intensities, determined as mean eggs per gram of faeces (+-SEM) were:T.canis393.8 ^ 83.4, Ancylostoma sp. 101.5 ^ 32.8, T. leonina 14.3 ^ 7.9, T. vulpis 3.4 +- 1.5, D. caninum 2.2 +- 0.8, U. stenocephala 0.2 +- 0.2. The prevalence of intestinal parasites was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in dogs of age 0–6 months than in older age groups. There was no significance difference in overall prevalence of intestinal helminth parasites between male (58.3%) and female (50.0%) dogs (P > 0.05). The prevalence of helminth parasites was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in free-ranging than in kennelled dogs. The prevalence of helminth parasites was also significantly higher (P < 0.05) in African shepherds than in Alsatians and other exotic breeds. Each helminth parasite had similar prevalences and intensities among both genders (P >0.05) except in T.vulpis.The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites may continue to rise due to lack of functional veterinary clinics for dog care in Ile-Ife. Therefore, there is the need to establish a veterinary facility in Ile-Ife