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Sociodemographic and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postpartum Depressive Symptoms in Nigerian Women

dc.contributor.authorAdewuya, Abiodun O.
dc.contributor.authorFatoye, Femi O.
dc.contributor.authorOla, Bola A.
dc.contributor.authorIjaodola, Omowumi R.
dc.contributor.authorIbigbami, Stella-Maris O.
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-02T10:53:39Z
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-27T10:25:04Z
dc.date.available2014-10-02T10:53:39Z
dc.date.available2018-10-27T10:25:04Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.citationAdewuya, Abiodun O.; Fatoye, Femi O.; Ola, Bola A.; Ijaodola, Omowumi R. and Ibigbami, Stella-Maris O. (2005). Sociodemographic and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postpartum Depressive Symptoms in Nigerian Women. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 11(5).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/88
dc.description.abstractObjective: Studies from the Western culture have emphasized psychosocial risk factors for the development of postnatal depression (PND). In Africa, poor obstetrics practice and sociodemographic factors may contribute significantly to the risk of PND. The goal of this study was to examine sociodemographic and obstetric risk factors for postnatal depressive symptoms in a Nigerian community. Methods: 876 women recruited at 6 weeks postpartum from the postnatal and infant immunization clinics of 5 participating health centers were screened with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Sociodemographic and obstetric information were also obtained through a structured questionnaire. Results: The mean EPDS score was 5.66 (SD = 4.20). Depression was diagnosed in 128 (14.6%) of the postpartum women. The predictors of PND include hospital admissions during the pregnancy (OR 3.95, CI 2.57 - 6.07), female sex of the baby (OR 2.74, CI 1.87 - 4.03), preterm delivery (OR 4.21, CI 2.78 - 6.39), instrumental delivery (OR 3.32, CI 1.79 - 6.16), Casarean section (OR 3.58, CI 1.72 - 7.48), and being single (OR 3.44, CI. 2.15 - 5.53). Conclusion: Although the prevalence of PND symptoms seems to be the same across cultures, risk factors differ significantly. This study identified certain sociodemographic and obstetric risk factors for postnatal depressive symptoms in an underdeveloped community. These factors must be taken into consideration when planning intervention and preventive strategies for these women.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectPostnatal depressionen_US
dc.subjectCross-cultural issuesen_US
dc.subjectObstetricsen_US
dc.subjectEdinburgh Postnatal Depression Scaleen_US
dc.subjectNigeriaen_US
dc.titleSociodemographic and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postpartum Depressive Symptoms in Nigerian Womenen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.coverage.geographicalNigeriaen_US
dc.departmentMental Healthen_US
dc.facultiesHealth Sciencesen_US
dc.format.filetypePDFen_US
dc.pages.totalpages6en_US


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