Assessing the Intellectual Performance and Capability of Apprentices in the Non-Formal Educational Sector
The suitability of two 'culture-free' tests of intelligence on people with low-level of education was examined. Performance of apprentices in the non-formal education sector (age-ranging from 12 to 28 years), was compared with that of school-children (age 12 - 20) on the Standard Progressive Matrices and the Draw-A-Person tests. The school-children scored higher on the average on both tests. The scores on the PM and DAP correlated at significant levels for the male apprentices and also for female school-children. The same cannot be said for female apprentices and male school-children. The findings indicate the need for independent norms for the different groups. Focusing on the perceptual strategies employed in solving the PM problems by the school-children as compared to the apprentices might throw more light on the observed differences in time spent and scores. Further work is needed to establish which of the two assessment techniques is more appropriate for stark illiterates. Also, establishing local norms on the PM on a large population is highly indicated.