Gender involvement of sedentary Fulani in dairy farming practices in Osun State, Nigeria
The study specifically gender disaggregated the socio-economic characteristics; identified and determined gender specific roles in dairy farming practices; determined the level of gender involvement in dairy farming practices with a view to determining gender specific factors influencing gender involvement in dairy farming practices. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select the respondents. At the first stage, seventy percent of the 12 Local Government Areas (LGAs) occupied by the sedentary Fulani were randomly selected for the study. At the second stage, twenty percent of the Fulani settlements were proportionately selected from each of the LGAs. At the third stage, four households were randomly selected from each of the Fulani settlements. At the fourth and final stage, four respondents, (comprising adult male, adult female, youth male and youth female) were randomly selected from each of the households. In all, two hundred and fifty six respondents were selected for the study. Structured interview schedule was used to elicit quantitative data from the respondents. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequency count, percentages, mean, standard deviation and inferential statistics: Pearson Product Moment Correlation, factor analysis and one way ANOVA. The results showed that the mean age of male and female respondents were 34.05±12.49 and 33.33±13.14 respectively, and 85.9 percent and 89.8 percent of male and female respondents were illiterates, while 80.5 percent of male and 78.1 percent of female respondent were married. The mean herd size of male and female respondent was 19.98±12 and 5.30±4 respectively. The results of the hypotheses showed there was a significant relationship between the male and female marital status (2 = 47.53 and 40.50), place of birth (2 = 45.13 and 38.22) were significant at P≤0.01 with the respondents’ level of involvement in dairy farming practices. Also, it was revealed that there was a negative but significant relationship between the age of respondents (r= -0.499); length of stay in the community (r = -0.464); years of experience in dairy production (r= -0.500) at P≤0.01; while years of formal education (r = 0.195) has positive significant relationship at P≤0.01 with respondents level of involvement in dairy farming practices. The findings showed that at P≤0.01, significant differences (F = 312.80) was found between sedentary Fulani male and female involvement in dairy farming practices. The factors influencing the involvement of male and female respondent were shown in the study as exposure factor, socio-economic factor, family related factor and personal factor. In conclusion, female respondents were actively involved in dairy farming. It was also realized that the factors identified should be taken into consideration when dealing with involvement of male and female in dairy farming practices.