Prevalence and response to dating violence among students of University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo state
The study determined the prevalence of dating violence among respondents at the University of Ibadan and factors associated this prevalence. The study also assessed the response of the respondents to their dating violence experience. The study was a cross sectional descriptive survey carried out among 420 undergraduates of the University of Ibadan, Ibadan in Oyo state. Multistage sampling technique was employed in which undergraduates from 200 and 300 levels in selected departments of the seven faculties of the University. A pre-tested self-administered semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information from the students. The questionnaire was analyzed using I.B.M. statistical package for social sciences. Data analysis was carried out in three stages; Univariate analysis was used to determine properties and summary statistic andbivariate analysis was used to assess relationship between some selected factors and dating violence using chi square test. Binary logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with dating violence experience. The results showed that the prevalence of dating violence was 45%. Different forms of dating violence were experienced .These include humiliation by dating partner (61%), threats from dating partner (54%), verbal insults by dating partner (46%), domineering attitude of the dating partner (58%), mockery (52.4%), being attacked with sharp objects (47%), battery (64%), date rape (22%), insulting sexual verbal comments (43%), insulting comments on social media (33%), embarrassing pictures of respondents on social media(17%), and insulting text messages from their current dating partners (80%). Thirty seven percent of respondents reported their dating violence experience. Seventy-seven percent reported the incident. The factors that were positively associated with dating violence were female gender (x2=25.083,p=0.001), Christianity (x2=6.231,p=0.044), partner’s parental separation (x2=27.309,p=0.001), residence of a partner (x2=15.060,p=0.001), and partner’s past experience of dating violence (x2=49.223,p=0.001). (OR=5.208, 95% CI=2.841-9.548, p=0.001), marital separation of partner’s parents (OR=29.279, 95% CI=8.926-96.047, p=0.001), death of partner’s parent (OR=9.519, 95% CI=1.679-53.982, p=0.011), substance abuse by partner(OR=7.918, 95% CI=3.838-16.334, p=0.001), partner’s past experience of dating violence(OR=13.825, 95% CI=6.701-28.523, p=0.001). The study also concluded that most victims reported their dating violence experience to friends.