Assessment of internationalisation of higher education in public universities in Osun State (2004-2014)
The study identified the existing internationalisation measures in public universities and investigated the various human and material resources employed in the process of internationalisation of public universities in Osun State. It also examined the stages involved in the execution of internationalisation measures in public universities and investigated the level of internationalisation of higher education in public universities in the study area. These were with a view to providing information on the role of internationalisation in university development in Osun State from 2004 to 2014. The descriptive survey research design was used for the study. The population consisted of all the 25 Deans, 132 Heads of Department (HODs), 24 Faculty Officers (FO’s) and two Student Affairs Officers (SAOs) in Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile-Ife and Osun State University (UNIOSUN), Osogbo. The sample of the study comprised 58 respondents including eight Deans, 42 HODs, six FOs and two SAOs from the two institutions. Proportionate random sampling technique was used to select five Deans from (OAU), and three from UNIOSUN as well as 30 HODs from OAU and 12 from UNIOSUN. Three FOs and one SAO were selected from OAU and UNISOUN respectively using simple random sampling technique. Thirty-three percent of the total population was selected in each category. Two instruments were used to collect information from the respondents namely; Assessment of Compliance with Internationalisation Process Questionnaire (ACIPQ) and Internationalisation of Higher Education Measures Questionnaire (IMRQ) Data collected were analysed using simple percentage and content analysis. The results showed measures of internationalisation such as research collaboration, faculty exchange and development, cooperative teaching, international student mobility, academic freedom, branch campus system, distance education, scholarship funding, on-line presence, stable internet access and functional laboratories with an aggregate mean of ( = 14.8) at Obafemi Awolowo University and ( = 7.5) at Osun State University. The results also showed that human and material resources and effort directed towards internationalisation include collaboration in teaching and research, provision of research grants, regular curriculum reform, emphasis on graduate employability, compliance with National Universities Commission (NUC) benchmarks provision of scholarship grants with an aggregate mean of ( =18.8) at Obafemi Awolowo University and ( = 9.3) at Osun State University. The results further showed activity, competency, ethos and process approaches to internationalisation at Obafemi Awolowo University with an aggregate mean of ( = 17) and at Osun State University with an aggregate mean of ( = 7.8). Finally, the results revealed that the level of internationalisation at OAU was higher than at UNIOSUN as indicators of internationalisation such as electronic learning, open education resource, stable academic calendar, quality basic and applied research, communication linkage, stable internet access (for staff and students), on-line presence, cross campus research collaboration had an aggregate mean of ( - 16.9) at Obafemi Awolowo University and ( - 8.3) at Osun State University. The study concluded that internationalisation measures contributed positively to the development of teaching, research and service in universities in Osun State.