Travel behaviour of households in peri-urban areas of Ibadan, Nigeria
The study examined the travel behaviour of residents in peri-urban areas of Ibadan, Oyo state. It examined the socio-economic characteristics of the households in the peri-urban areas; examined the households’ travel characteristics; identified and examined factors that influence households’ travel behaviour; and established the relationship between households’ socio-economic characteristics and travel behaviour in the study area. This was with a view to suggesting policy response that could guide future provision of transport services in the study area. The study utilized data from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data were obtained from field survey through administration of questionnaire on the household heads in the selected peri-urban areas. The six local government areas popularly referred to as Ibadan less city, constituted the peri-urban areas from which three were randomly selected. Preliminary survey showed that there were 7,567 residential buildings in the selected political wards. Systematic sampling technique was used to select every 20th (5%) residential building after the first had been randomly chosen. Thus, 379 households head in 379 residential buildings were surveyed. Secondary data were obtained from National Population Commission (NPC), Oyo State Independent Electoral Commission (OYSIEC); and Ministry of Physical Planning and Urban Development across the Local Government Areas on the population, number of political wards and names of areas respectively. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study showed that majority of the households (74.8%) were within 41 – 60 years age group; a large proportion of the respondents (73.3%) earned ₦50,000 and below per month. Also, 42.1% of the households had spent 11 years in their place of abode and 35.5% of the respondents were government workers. The study also showed that car ownership was very low as 26.0% of the respondents had cars. Majority of the respondents (93.4%) travelled on a daily basis and high proportion relied on public transport services. The study further established that 78.7% of the respondents used one vehicle to complete their travel. The regression model using the coefficient of determinations (R2), 21.5% of the variability in the travel behaviour among the respondents can be attributed to the socio-economic characteristics such as age, household size, length of stay, number of car owned and monthly income of the households. The study concluded that majority of the respondents made use of different modes of transport for their daily travelling within and outside the peri-urban areas of Ibadan. However, effort should be made by government and public transport operators to improve transport facilities as this will ensure an efficient and effective mobility within the study area.