Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention among University Students in Southwestern Nigeria
This study examined the relationship between entrepreneurship education and perceived behaviour among university students in Southwestern Nigeria and investigated the effect of perceived behaviours on entrepreneurial intention. It also ascertained the influence of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention, and evaluated the moderating role of perceived behaviours on the relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention. These were with a view to examining the effect of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention among university students in Southwestern Nigeria. This study used descriptive survey research design. Primary data were sourced for this study. The study selected one federal, one state and one private university in Oyo and Osun states. The states were selected due to the presence of foremost universities. University of Ibadan, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology and Lead City University were selected in Oyo State, while Obafemi Awolowo University, Osun State University and Bowen University were selected in Osun State. According to the records of the universities, the population of this study was 19,429 final year undergraduate students: UI (6876), LAUTECH (3852), LEADCITY (757), OAU (5292), UNIOSUN (1814), and BOWEN (838). Using Taro Yamane Formula, the sample size of the study was 1,969 respondents. Convenient sampling was employed to select the respondents who were final year undergraduate students. Data were sourced through the administration of a structured questionnaire titled Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention (EEAEIQ). Data collected were analysed using frequency, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, analysis of variance and moderated hierarchical multiple regression. The results showed that entrepreneurship education was significant but weakly correlated with attitude(r = 0.309, p<0.05), perceived behavioural control (r =0.257, p<0.05), subjective norms (r = 0.251, p <0.05), and personality traits (r = 0.176, p < 0.05). The results also found that perceived behaviour in terms of attitude (t = 7.679, p<0.05), perceived behavioural control (t = 4.219, p<0.05), subjective norms (t = 5.901, p <0.05) and personality traits (t = 3.373, p < 0.05) had significant effect on entrepreneurial intention among the university students. There was also a significant influence of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention among university students (F = 37.124, p <0.05). Finally, perceived behaviour moderated the relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention (∆R2 = 0.083, F = 93.580, p<0.05). The study concluded that entrepreneurship education had notable influence on entrepreneurial intention with perceived behaviour having a moderating effect between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention among university students in Southwestern Nigeria.