Contextual performance, role stressor and work adjustment of university lecturers in Osun State
This study determined the level of work adjustment of university lecturers in Osun State. It also investigated the influence of contextual performance on work adjustment of the lecturers in the State. It further examined the influence of role stressors (role overload, role conflict and role ambiguity) on work adjustment of university lecturers and ascertained the relative contributions of contextual performance and role stressor components to work adjustment in the State. These were with a view to providing information on factors that enhanced lecturers’ capacity for positive adjustment in universities in Osun State. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population for this study comprised lecturers in universities in Osun State. The sample comprised 300 lecturers selected using stratified random sampling technique with universities and faculties as indices of stratification. Three universities were selected on the basis of ownership (federal, state and private). Federal and state universities were selected purposively because they were the only federal and state universities existing in Osun State at the time of the study, while the private university used was selected using simple random sampling technique. Five faculties were selected from each university and four departments were selected from each of the faculties using simple random sampling technique, which gave a total of 60 departments. Five lecturers were selected from each department using stratified random sampling technique with lecturers’ cadre as a stratification index.A self-developed instrument titled Contextual Performance, Role Stressor and Work Adjustment Questionnaire (CPRSWA) was used to elicit information from the lecturers. Data collected were analyzedusing chi–square and multiple regression. The results showed that 5% and 95% of university lecturers demonstrated low and high levels of work adjustment respectively. The results also showed that there existed a significant influence of contextual performance on work adjustment (χ2=14.77, p<0.05). Furthermore, the results showed that there was significant influence of role stressors (role conflict, role overload, role ambiguity) on work adjustment (χ2= 2.12, p< 0.05). The results also established that contextual performance (β=0.62, t = 7.20, p<0.05), and role stressors (β = -0.23, t = -2.69, p<0.05) contributed significantly in predicting lecturers work adjustment. The study therefore concluded that contextual performance and role stressor components which include role ambiguity, role overload and role conflict influenced university lecturers’work adjustment in Osun State.